We've changed the way you complete courses

In response to user feedback we have simplified the way courses can be completed.

Until now you needed to complete the topics and modules in order, from start to finish. But from today you can complete them in any order you wish.

Just visit any topic that interests you, and when you are ready mark it as completed by clicking the green 'Mark complete' button at the bottom of the page.

Once you have completed all of the topics in a module an assessment will be provided for you.

Complete all the assessments to finish the course.

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Time course of total AUC of C-peptide levels during mixed-meal tolerance test:

AUC: areas under curves

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Newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes patients given radiation and bone marrow transplants in studies in Brazil.

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Another set of studies suggesting that the immune system is crucial, and is really the culprit in the destruction of the beta cell in type 1 diabetes, are the very daring studies that were carried out in Brazil, where people with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes were irradiated and received a full bone marrow transplantation. Again, here one could see that if you give a full new bone marrow to an individual with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes, you do have a transient increase in C-peptide levels and thus preservation of beta cells but, again, by one year, and especially later on, you lose the effect. And, again, it was concluded that it was not worthwhile to expose individuals newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes to such major interventions that were potentially dangerous when we now have good insulins to treat people with type 1 diabetes.
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Voltarelli JC, Couri CE, Stracieri AB, Oliveira MC, Moraes DA, Pieroni F, Coutinho M, Malmegrim KC, Foss-Freitas MC, Simões BP, Foss MC, Squiers E, Burt RK. Autologous nonmyeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes mellitus. JAMA. 2007 Apr 11;297(14):1568-76.